“Leaving the Nest”

Growth Milestones – FIVE YEARS

I have always kept track of my children’s milestones, it didnt matter if everything wasnt perfect but it gives me an idea of where they should be at certain ages. I use the Growth Milestones from Kidsgrowth.com.

Lorelai turned 5 in January and here is what she is expected to do by age 5 and what she can actually do.

School Readiness (requirements according to the website, I have scratched out what she cant do)

  • Good physical health, can see and hear well and visits the doctor and dentist regularly.
  • Has self-care skills (dressing, feeding, washing, manages bathroom needs). check
  • Follows directions and rules. Pays attention for short periods of time to adult-directed tasks.
  • Able to work independently for short periods.
  • Tolerates frustration and failure.
  • Knows his or her full name as well as the name of his or her parents.
  • Easily makes changes and accepts adult supervision and help.
  • Able to play in small groups with other children.
  • Begins to share with others.
  • Listens to stories without interrupting.
  • Recognizes rhyming sounds.
  • Speaks clearly with age-appropriate language skills;Talks in complete sentences of five to six words.
  • Understands that actions have both causes and effects.
  • Shows understanding of general times of the day.
  • Cuts with scissors.
  • Holds crayon or marker; has a collection of paper, pencils, crayons.
  • Separates from parents without being upset.
  • Looks at pictures and then tells stories.
  • Is able to recognize authority.
  • Identifies some alphabet letters and most colors.
  • Buttons shirts, pants, coats and zips up zippers.
  • Begins to control himself or herself.
  • Recognizes groups of one, two, three, four and five objects.
  • Sorts similar objects by color, size and shape.
  • Recognizes some common sight words like “stop.”
  • Counts to 10.
  • Uses words like bigger, smaller or heaviest to show comparison.
  • Rides a tricycle.
  • Draws a picture of herself or himself including head, body, arms and legs.
  • Knows her or his body parts.
  • Understands concepts such as: in, out, under, on, off, front and back.
  • Follows through when you give him or her one or two directions.
  • Attempts to write his or her name.

Development (requirements according to the website, I have scratched out what she cant do)

  • Skips, can walk on tiptoes and jumps forward.
  • Throws a ball overhand.
  • Washes and dries hands and brushes teeth unassisted.
  • Can cut and paste.
  • Can name four or five colors.
  • Can state his or her age.
  • Has a vocabulary of six to eight word sentences.
  • Can tell a simple story.
  • Can dress and undress without supervision.
  • Knows his or her own phone number, address and several nursery rhymes.
  • Can copy a triangle from a picture.
  • Draws a person with a head, body, arms and legs.
  • Understands right and wrong, fair and unfair.
  • Understands games that have rules.
  • Engages in make-believe and dress-up play, in which your child may assume a specific role (“mommy or daddy”).

What I can do as a parent at this age (requirements according to the website)

  • Listen to and show respect for your child.
  • Continue reading to your child or read together. Get a library card and use it regularly. Ask the librarian to pick out age appropriate books.
  • By the end of this year many 5-year-olds can recognize simple words and may even be reading. Praise your child’s progress.
  • Children this age show concern for each other so parents should encourage diversity, respect and tolerance.
  • The 5-year-old enjoys crafts, coloring and painting. He or she may also begin enjoying simple board games (like “Candyland,” etc.).
  • It is not unusual to have occasional accidents at night and during play. Be understanding and do not make a big deal out of it. However, if it happens frequently, it would be a good idea to discuss the matter with the child’s doctor.
  • Enhance your 5-year-old’s experience with trips to parks, libraries, zoos and other points of interest.
  • Teach your child the difference between right and wrong.
  • Begin age appropriate chores.
  • Always show affection.
  • A 5-year-old is usually imaginative and has lots of energy. Be sure to praise children. Building self-esteem is very important at this age. Give your child encouragement and praise not only for completing a task but also while working on the task. Avoid physical punishment – it only promotes fear and guilt and teaches the child that violence is acceptable in certain situations. Instead, send the child to a quiet, boring place without anything to do for five minutes as a form of discipline.

It is very interesting to research these things.


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